How to choose the right type of Cabling for your next IT Installation.

How to choose the right type of Cabling for your next IT Installation.
When building out your new locations, there is a lot to consider when it comes to choosing the best data cabling solutions. With so many types and varieties, it could be hard to know which one is best for each application.

You must first consider which rooms and areas you’ll be putting the wire in. Does it have a high risk of electromagnetic interference? How many ports do you want to be installed, and where? The best location for proper connection distribution and where should the cables runs go-between? You’ll also want to consider the fire and building codes as well when choosing not just where to run the wires but also which type to use.

Below is a discussion on the different Types of Cabling that Installers typically use:

Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable
This type of cabling is the most inexpensive cabling option. UTP is easy to work with, and it is possible to squeeze them into tight spaces. It’s straightforward to find in your local hardware retailer and does not require a “special order” because they are the most common type of cable they do not need a lot of maintenance because there is no foil or glass to break. Hence, you don’t have to worry about having as many problems during installation. The only known issue of this type of cabling is environmental because it is susceptible to electromagnetic and radio frequency noise. The sources of interference are numerous. Everyday office items such as fluorescent lights, microwaves, and some wireless technology can all potentially bring interference to your cabling infrastructure. With EMI and RFI out of the way, this is typically the go-to cable of choice for the majority of data and telephony installations. With its low cost and durability, this will be the standard for years to come.
Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) Cable
If EMI and RFI are a concern in your environment than STP cable may be your next best choice. What makes STP better than UTP is an added foil blanket which wraps around the inside of the cable, allowing it to block out interference and noise to maintain its fast data transfer. This type of cabling is often used in spaces to prevent interruptions and keep top network speed. STP needs a bigger space because of its foil; it also requires extra care. Having an expert in cable installation do the work is recommended when dealing with this type of cable work. The metallic foil covering the wires are very delicate, and even the smallest bit of damage will defeat the whole purpose of the STP installation.
Coaxial Cable
Typically used in television and high-speed internet connections because of it’s higher channel capacity and lower error rates, coaxial cabling system is no stranger to your location built outs. It’s commonly used for data transmission when long distances need to be covered. They have around 80% more capacity than the twisted pair cable, and they can take advantage of their resistance to noise and interference, plus the ability to support multiple ranges of services and numerous channels. Coax cabling (for short) can make sure that you have a more stable transmission and better protection from interference and is a lot cheaper than fiber optic cables. It is relatively easy to install and modify if needed. However, since it is often used outdoors, Coax susceptible to lightning strikes and may fry any connected equipment, and it can distribute power surges regardless if it’s properly grounded or not. If this is a concern, perhaps the final type of cable may be the best solution.
Fiber Optic Cable
Using glass, L.E.Ds, or lasers as a way to transmit data Fiber Optic cable is the performance leader especially over traditional copper cable. The most significant advantage is the amount of bandwidth that is available in Fiber, It is able to exceed the top speed of copper far. Because it uses glass and light it so wholly immune to all forms of interference, you can use Fiber Optic cables in an electrically noisy environment without the worry of disconnections.

However, there are drawbacks. Bending Fiber Optic cabling too much may cause the glass inside to break. Cutting and splicing the cable is an arduous task for the untrained professional without the proper tools. This type of cabling may be expensive, but with the help of an expert cable installer, it is by far the best type of cabling to use if you want to future-proof your environment and always want the fastest most reliable connections over longer distances.

Have you found out the perfect cabling system for your site or are you still unsure? Don’t fret. If you have questions or are not sure what is a good first step Contact Us here or give us a call at 941 378-3767and we are more than happy to help.

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